Residential Disclosure Guide
The seller must complete the “Seller’s Real Property Disclosure” form, detailing the condition of the property, known defects, and any other aspects of the property which may affect its use or value. A real estate licensee, unless he is the seller of the property, may not complete this form.
The form must be fully and properly completed. If the seller has no knowledge, “no” is an appropriate answer to the “Are you aware …” questions. Each question must be answered with a mark in the corresponding “yes”, “no” or in some cases “n/a” box. Explanations of any “yes” answers, and a properly executed signature by the seller, are also required. The buyer may only sign the form after full and proper completion by the seller.
A Buyer may rescind the contract without penalty if he does not receive a fully and properly completed Seller’s Real Property Disclosure form. If a Buyer closes a transaction without a completed form or if a known defect is not disclosed to a Buyer, the Buyer may be entitled to treble damages, unless the Buyer waives his rights under NRS 113.150(6).
The seller of a property that is subject to a PTFO must provide the disclosure as a written statement that discloses the existence of and describes the PTFO, and includes language substantially similar to the legislatively-prescribed notice informing the buyer that the PTFO may lower the value of the property and that the laws of this State prohibit the enforcement of certain PTFOs created on or after May 20, 2011.
The real estate licensee shall provide the form to the purchaser as soon as practicable, but before title is
If the landlord requires approval of a prospective buyer and tenant, the landlord must post a sign which is clearly readable at the entrance of the park which advises consumers that before a manufactured home in the park is sold, the buyer and tenant must be approved by the landlord.
Federal law requires that the seller disclose any known presence of lead-based paint hazards and provide the
buyer with the EPA disclosure booklet, “Protect Your Family From Lead in Your Home,” along with any other
available records and/or reports.
A licensee who acts as an agent in a real estate transaction must disclose to each party for whom the
licensee is acting as an agent and any unrepresented party all duties owed to the parties and the licensee’s
relationship as an agent to each party in the transaction.
If there is a construction defect, the contractor must disclose the information in understandable language that is underlined and in bold-faced type with capital letters. If the property is or has been the subject of a construction defect claim or lawsuit, the seller must provide the following information to the buyer:
- copies of all notices given to contractor
- expert opinions obtained by claimant
- terms of settlement or order of judgment
- detailed report of all repairs
The seller must, at seller’s expense, provide an information statement with the sale of any unit within a common-interest community or condominium hotel. The statement is entitled “BEFORE YOU PURCHASE PROPERTY IN A [COMMON-INTEREST COMMUNITY] [CONDOMINIUM HOTEL] DID YOU KNOW…”
An association or hotel unit owner has 10 days to provide the resale package after a request. If the documents are not provided within 10 days the buyer is not liable for any delinquent assessment. The resale package should be delivered as soon as practicable. Unless the buyer has accepted conveyance of the unit, the buyer may cancel the contract to purchase, by written notice, until midnight of the fifth calendar day following receipt of the resale package. This provision must be stated in the contract.
The disclosure will be provided to the buyer before the sales agreement is signed by way of the Residential Disclosure Guide in which it is contained. The buyer is advised to visit
Construction defects must be disclosed to the buyer before purchase of the residence. If the property is or has been the subject of a defect claim or lawsuit, the information must be disclosed 30 days before close of escrow, or if escrow is less than 30 days, then immediately upon signing the sales agreement. If a claim
is made while in escrow, the disclosure must be made within 24 hours of notice of complaint.
In a transaction requiring a public offering statement (further detailed below), the information statement is part of the public offering statement and is due no later than the date an offer to purchase becomes binding on the buyer. If the unit has not been inspected by the buyer, the buyer will have 5 calendar days to cancel the contract from the date of execution. In a resale transaction, the information statement is part of the resale package. A buyer has 5 calendar days to cancel the contract after receipt of the resale package. It is good practice to provide the information statement no later than 5 days before the contract becomes binding on the buyer in any type of transaction.
Depending upon the transaction, the following disclosures may also be required from a buyer, seller or licensee:
- AIRPORT NOISE
Buyers should investigate the impact of airport flight paths and the noise levels at different times of the day over that property.
- BUILDING & ZONING CODES
The purpose of the building and zoning disclosure is to inform the buyer of transportation beltways and/or planned or anticipated land use within proximity of the subject property of which the seller has knowledge. For more information on building and zoning codes, contact your local jurisdiction.
- ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS
Although the seller is required to disclose the presence of environmental hazards, a statement that the seller is not aware of a defect or hazard does not mean that it does not exist. It is the buyer’s responsibility to be informed and take additional steps to further investigate. Some potential hazards that may be found in Nevada include:
- Radon (www.epa.gov/radon)
- Floods (http://www.floodsmart.gov)
- Methamphetamine Labs (NRS 40.770 & 489.776)
- Wood-Burning Devices (http://www.epa.gov/iaq/pubs/combust.html)
- Underground Storage Tanks (http://epa.gov/oust/index.htm)
- Septic Systems (http://water.epa.gov/infrastructure/septic/)
- Wells (http://water.epa.gov/drink/info/well/index.cfm)
- Land and Cleanup (http://www2.epa.gov/learnissues/learn-about-land-and-cleanup)
- Groundwater (http://water.epa.gov/drink/resources/topics.cfm)
- Public Pools & Spas (http://www.poolsafely.gov/)
- Molds and Moisture (http://www.epa.gov/mold/)
For more information on environmental hazards, visit:
Initial Purchaser in New Construction Only
If there is a gaming district near the property, the seller must disclose information which includes a copy of the most recent gaming enterprise district map, the location of the nearest gaming enterprise district, and notice that the map is subject to change. This disclosure is required for Nevada counties with population over 400,000. The information must be provided at least 24 hours before the seller signs the sales agreement. The buyer may waive the 24-hour period. The seller must retain a copy of the disclosure.
For more information on gaming, see: NRS 113.080
- HOME INSPECTIONS
When obtaining an FHA-insured loan, this disclosure informs the buyer about the limits of the Federal Housing Administration appraisal inspection and suggests the buyer obtain a home inspection to evaluate the physical condition of the property prior to purchase. The form is entitled, “For Your Protection: Get a Home Inspection.”
For more information on FHA home inspections, visit: www.hud.gov.
- MILITARY ACTIVITIES
The purpose of the Military Activities Disclosure is to make the purchaser of residential property aware of planned or anticipated military activity within the proximity of the property. Counties in which the military files Military Activities Plans include Clark County, Washoe County, Churchill County and Mineral County. For more information on military activities plans in these counties, contact the local municipal jurisdiction or the Public Information Officer of the Military Installation in your county.
- LICENSEE DISCLOSURES
In addition to the “Consent to Act” and the “Duties Owed by a Nevada Real Estate Licensee” forms (see pages 8 & 10), a real estate licensee is required to disclose other information such as his relationship to one or more parties in the transaction and/or having a personal interest in the property.
For more information regarding duties and disclosures owed by a
licensee, see: NRS 645.252-645.254, NAC 645.637 and NAC
- ROAD MAINTENANCE DISTRICT
The sale of residential property within a road maintenance district is prohibited unless the seller provides notice to the purchaser, including the amount of assessments for the last two years. If the district has been in existence for less than 2 years before notice is provided to the purchaser, then the amount of assessments shall be given for the period since the district was created.
For more information, see: NRS 320.130.
- SOIL REPORT (New Construction Only)
If the property has not been occupied by the buyer more than 120 days before completion, the seller must give notice of any soil report prepared for the property or for the subdivision in which the property is located. The seller must provide such notice upon signing the sales agreement.
Upon receiving the notice, the buyer must submit a written request within 5 days for a copy of the actual report. The seller must provide a free report to the buyer within 5 days of receiving such request. Upon receiving the soil report, the buyer has 20 days to rescind the sales agreement. This rescission right may be waived, in writing, by the buyer.
For more information, see: NRS 113.135.
The written consent must include:
- A description of the real estate transaction;
- A statement that the licensee is acting for two or more parties to the transaction and that, in acting for these parties, the licensee has a conflict of interest;
- A statement that the licensee will not disclose any confidential information for 1 year after the revocation or termination of the brokerage agreement unless he is required to do so per court order or he is given written permission by that party;
- A statement that a party is not required to consent to the licensee acting on his behalf;
- A statement that the party is giving his consent without coercion and understands the terms of the consent given.
A client may choose to waive the broker’s duty to present all offers by signing a waiver on a form, the “Waiver
Form,” prescribed by the Division. Concurrent with the option of a client to waive the duty of his/her broker to
present all offers is the form “Authorization to Negotiate Directly with Seller,” which gives permission in writing to authorize a licensee to negotiate a sale or lease directly with a seller. Both forms must be utilized and signed by a client who waives the duty to present all offers.
Otherwise, a licensee for a buyer does not have the permission of the seller’s broker to present offers or
negotiate with the sellers directly.
The purpose of the Seller’s Real Property Disclosure form is to make the buyer aware of the overall condition of the property before it is transferred. This disclosure is not a guarantee nor does it take the place of an inspection. In some cases a Seller has never lived on the property and may have no knowledge of the condition of the property. The Buyer is advised to obtain an independent inspection performed by a properly licensed home inspector. This form is not required for new home sales.
The purpose of the disclosure is to make the buyer aware that the property is subject to a Private Transfer Fee Obligation (PTFO) which will require the buyer, upon conveyance of the property by the seller, to pay either a one-time fixed amount or a one-time percentage of the purchase price to a third party payee.
The purpose of the Open Range Disclosure is to inform the prospective buyer of a home or an improved or
unimproved lot adjacent to open range that livestock are permitted to graze or roam on the property. Open
range means all unenclosed land outside of cities and towns upon which cattle, sheep or other domestic
animals by custom, license, lease or permit are grazed or permitted to roam. It also serves to inform the
prospective buyer that the parcel may be subject to county or State claims of right-of-way, (commonly
referred to as R.S. 2477 rights-of-way) including rights-of-way that may be unrecorded, undocumented or
unsurveyed; and used by miners, ranchers, hunters or others, for access or recreational use, in a manner
which interferes with the use and enjoyment of the parcel.
The purpose of the Used Manufactured/Mobile Home disclosure is to make the buyer aware that a used
manufactured or mobile home that has not been converted to real property is personal property and
subject to personal property taxes.
The purpose of the disclosure relating to placing or buying a manufactured or mobile home in a manufactured home park is to make the buyer aware that he may be subject to approval by the landlord of the manufactured home park if the manufactured or mobile home will remain in the park.
The seller of any property must give notice of any impact fees that may be imposed upon the buyer.
An impact fee is a charge imposed by a local government on new development (i.e., the construction,
reconstruction, redevelopment, conversion, alteration, relocation or enlargement of any structure which
increases the number of service units) to finance some of the costs attributable to the new development.
The purpose of the information statement required when purchasing a home or unit in a common-interest
community or a condominium hotel is to make the buyer aware of all rights, obligations and other aspects related to owning a unit within a common-interest community (also known as a homeowner’s association) or a condominium hotel. The statement makes buyers aware that use of their units can be restricted by the Declaration or CC&R’s. It also alerts buyers that foreclosure of the unit is possible for failure to pay assessments.
Does not pertain to Condominium Hotels
The statement of fees and assessments in the resale package may not be relied upon. It is necessary for any seller to purchase a statement of demand from the association and provide it to the buyer. The statement of
demand may be requested by the unit owner, his or her representative or the holder of a security interest on the unit. A statement of demand from the association sets forth the current outstanding assessments, fees and unpaid obligations, including foreclosure fees and attorney’s fees due from the seller. The statement of
demand remains effective for the period specified in the demand which must not be less than 15 business days from the date of delivery by the association to the seller. The association may provide a corrected statement of demand prior to the sale. Payment of the amount set forth in the statement of demand constitutes full payment of the amount due from the seller.
In transactions involving the resale of a unit previously sold by the developer, a resale package must be provided to the buyer at the expense of the seller. In addition to the information statement, the resale package includes the following: the declaration, bylaws, rules and regulations, monthly assessments, unpaid assessments of any kind, current operating budget, financial statement, reserve summary, unsatisfied judgments, and status of any pending legal actions.
If the property is a new unit in a common-interest community or a condominium hotel, or if the community is subject to any developmental rights, or contains converted buildings or contains units which may be in a time share, or is registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission, the buyer must also be provided with a Public Offering Statement disclosing applicable information, including:
- development rights of contractors
- construction schedule
- description of proposed improvements
- mechanical & electrical installations
- initial or special fees
- number & identity of units in timeshare
Unless the buyer has personally inspected the unit, the buyer may cancel the contract to purchase, by written notice, until midnight of the fifth calendar day following the date of execution of the contract. This provision must be stated in the contract.
The content of the disclosure is based on what the seller is aware of at the time. If, after completion of the
disclosure form, the seller discovers a new defect or notices that a previously disclosed condition has worsened, the seller must inform the purchaser, in writing, as soon as practicable after discovery of the
condition, or before conveyance of the property. The buyer may not waive, and the seller may not require
a buyer to waive, any of the requirements of the disclosure as a condition of sale or for any other purpose.
In a sale or intended sale by foreclosure, the trustee and the beneficiary of the deed of trust shall provide, not later than the conveyance of the property to, or upon request from, the buyer:
- written notice of any defects of which the trustee or beneficiary is aware; and
- the contact information of any asset management company who provided asset management services, if any defects are repaired or replaced or attempted to be repaired or replaced. The asset management company shall provide a service report to the purchaser upon request.
If a Seller requests a Buyer to waive his rights or legal remedies under NRS 113.150 or otherwise, the Buyer should contact an attorney for advice regarding the legal consequences. A real estate licensee cannot explain the legal consequences of waiving a Buyer’s legal rights or remedies.
EFFECTIVE JULY, 2017 the form includes the following 2 additional disclosures
- whether solar panels are installed on the subject property. If yes, then disclose whether the solar panels are leased, owned or financed.
- whether the property is a participant in any conservation easement such as the Southern Nevada Water Authority’s Water Smart Landscape Program. Seller shall inform the buyer about conservation easements or the potential for other types of conservation easements as required by the statutory language below:
Conservation Easements: The subject property ___ is OR ___ is not subject to a Restrictive Covenant and Conservation Easement established by Nevada Revised Statute 111.390-440 such as the Southern Nevada Water Authority’s Water Smart Landscape Program.
Drowning is the leading cause of unintentional injury death in Clark County for children four years of age and under. The majority of drowning deaths occur in the family pool. Preventable mistakes include leaving a child unattended near a body of water in which a child’s nose and mouth can be
More information on drowning facts, preventable mistakes, how to be prepared to prevent a drowning, pool security, drowning statistics, adult supervision and more can be obtained at SNHD’s website at:
On the disclosure form, the buyer must acknowledge receipt of the EPA disclosure booklet and copies of lead reports, if available. Additionally, the buyer will receive a 10-day opportunity to conduct a risk assessment or may choose to waive this opportunity.
If the property will remain in the manufactured home park, make sure you have a lease agreement with the
park manager and that you know the park’s rules and regulations.
Remember: the seller or a manufactured home dealer cannot promise that you’ll be accepted as a tenant in a particular manufactured home park. You must apply for the lease yourself and should do so before finalizing the purchase of your home. The landlord must approve or deny a completed application from a prospective buyer and tenant within 10 days after the date the application is submitted.
The notice regarding the existence of a PTFO in the seller’s disclosure must be in substantially the following form:
A private transfer fee obligation has been created with respect to this property. The private transfer fee obligation may lower the value of this property. The laws of this State prohibit the enforcement of certain private transfer fee obligations that are created on or after May 20, 2011 and impose certain notice requirements with respect to private transfer fee obligations that were created before May 20, 2011.
The disclosure acknowledges fencing the property to keep livestock out and recognizes the property owner’s entitlement to damages if livestock enter a fenced property but warns against harming roaming livestock even on a fenced property.
The law requires that the seller retain a copy of the disclosure document that has been signed by the buyer
acknowledging the date of receipt of the document, provide a copy to the buyer, and record the original disclosure document containing the buyer’s signature and the seller’s notarized signature in the office of the county recorder in the county where the property is located.
This disclosure also informs the purchaser that title will not pass unless the county assessor’s endorsement is placed on the face of the title, verifying that taxes have been paid in full.
The disclosure also instructs the consumer to submit certain documents to Nevada’s Manufactured Housing
Division and the county assessor within 45 days after the sale is complete and before a certificate of ownership will be issued.
A Nevada licensee who has entered into a brokerage agreement to represent a client in a real estate
- Exercise reasonable skill and care to carry out the terms of the brokerage agreement and the licensee’s duties in the brokerage agreement;
- Not disclose, except to the licensee’s broker, confidential information relating to a client for 1 year after the revocation or termination of the brokerage agreement, unless licensee is required to do so by court order or the client gives written permission;
- Seek a sale, purchase, option, rental or lease of real property at the price and terms stated in the brokerage agreement or at a price acceptable to the client;
- Present all offers made to or by the client as soon as practicable, unless the client chooses to waive the duty of the licensee to present all offers and signs a waiver of the duty on a form prescribed by the Division;
- Disclose to the client material facts of which the licensee has knowledge concerning the real estate
- Advise the client to obtain advice from an expert relating to matters which are beyond the expertise of
the licensee; and
- Account to the client for all money and property the licensee receives in which the client may have an
Do not pertain to Condominium Hotels
The resale package for a home or unit in a common-interest community must also include a statement from the association setting forth the amount of the monthly assessment for common expenses and any unpaid
obligations that are due from the selling unit’s owner, including management fees, transfer fees, fines, penalties, interest, collection costs, foreclosure fees, and attorney’s fee. Please be advised that while the resale package includes this information, changes to the law in 2013 no longer allow a seller or buyer to rely on this statement as accurate. The seller must obtain a “statement of demand” which is separate from the resale package.
Do not pertain to Condominium Hotels
The resale package for a home or unit in a common-interest community must also include a statement of any
transfer fees, transaction fees or any other fees associated with the resale of a unit.
If the property is located within a common-interest community and is the subject of a defect claim or lawsuit,
this information must be disclosed in the buyer’s resale package (see Common-Interest Communities).